WHEREAS, the Government, in pursuit of the constitutional mandates on the promotion of public welfare through ample social services, as well as its humanist commitment to the interest of the working groups, in relation particularly to their need for decent shelter, has established the Home Development Mutual Fund under Presidential Decree No. 1530, a system of employee-employer contributions for housing purposes; and
WHEREAS, there is a need to strengthen the Home Development Mutual Fund and make it more effective both as savings generation and home-building program for the gainfully-employed members of the Philippine society;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Republic of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree the following:
SEC. 1. Title. - This Act shall be known as the "Home Development Mutual Fund Law of 1980."
SEC. 2. Policy. - It is the policy of the Republic of the Philippines to motivate the employed and other earning groups to better plan and provide for their housing needs by membership in an integrated, nationwide savings system established for the said purpose, with contributory support of the employers, in the spirit of social justice and the pursuit of national development.
SEC. 3. Fund-System. - To carry out the purposes of this Act, there is hereby created the Home Development Mutual Fund of 1980, also referred to herein as the Fund, a provident savings system for employees, private and public, who shall be the members, supported by matching contributions of their respective employers, with housing as the primary investment. The system may cover self-employed and other working groups, as herein provided.
The Fund shall be a body corporate, with principal office in Metro Manila, and shall replace the Home Development Mutual Fund established under Presidential Decree No. 1530.
SEC. 4. Fund Coverage. - Coverage of the Fund shall be mandatory upon all employees covered by the Social Security System and the Government Service Insurance System, and their respective employers: Provided, however, That coverage of the employees whose monthly compensation is less than Four thousand pesos (P4,000.00) shall be voluntary: Provided, further, That upon membership with the Fund, their employers shall contribute an amount in accordance with Section 5 of this Act.
Such coverage may be extended to other working groups, with or without employer contributions, as may be determined by the Board of Trustees. (As amended by R. A. No. 7742).
SEC. 5. Fund Contributions. - Covered employees and employers shall contribute to the Fund based on the monthly compensation of covered employees as follows:
Employees earning not more than One thousand five hundred pesos (P1,500.00) per month - one percent (1%).
Employees earning more than One thousand five hundred pesos (1,500.00) per month - two percent (2%).
All employers - two percent (2%) of the monthly compensation of all covered employees.
For purposes of this Section, "monthly compensation" shall mean the basic monthly salary plus cost-of-living allowance (COLA): Provided, however, That the maximum monthly compensation to be used in computing employee and employer contributions shall not be more than Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00). The employer shall not be entitled to deduct from the wages or renumeration of, or otherwise to recover from, the employee the employer’s contribution. (As amended by R. A. No. 7742).
SEC. 6. Membership Term. - Membership in the Fund shall be for a period of twenty (20) years except when earlier terminated by reason of retirement, disability, insanity, death, departure from the country or other causes as may be provided for by the Board of Trustees: Provided, That those who become members of the Fund after the effectivity of this Act may withdraw the total accumulated value of their contributions to the Fund after the tenth or the fifteenth year of continuous membership: Provided, further, That said members have no outstanding housing loans with the Fund: Provided, finally, That this option may be exercised only once and shall not prejudice the member’s continuing membership in the Fund.
Resignation, lay-off or suspension from employment may not necessarily constitute a ground for membership termination, except for suspension of contributions. (As amended by R. A. No. 7742).
SEC. 7. Waiver or Suspension of Coverage. - Coverage of the Fund and/or the payment of monthly contribution to the same may, by rules or resolutions of the Board of Trustees, be waived or suspended by reasons of nature of employment, condition of business, ability to make contributions and other reasonable considerations.
SEC. 8. Provident Character. - The Fund shall be private in character, owned wholly by the members, administered in trust and applied exclusively for their benefit. All the personal and employer contributions shall be fully credited to each member, accounted for individually and transferable in case of change of employment. They shall earn dividends as may be provided for in the implementing rules. The said amounts shall constitute the provident fund of each member, to be paid to him, his estate or beneficiaries upon termination of membership, or from which peripheral benefits for the member may be drawn.
SEC. 9. Housing Features. - A member of good standing shall be eligible to apply for a housing loan, under such terms as may be authorized by the Board of Trustees, taking into account ability to pay. The Board of Trustees shall institute policies to ensure that lower-income members obtain such housing loans.
SEC. 10. Corporate Powers. - The Fund shall have the powers and functions specified in this Act and the usual corporate powers:
(a) To make policies and guidelines, as well as adopt, amend and rescind such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions and purposes of this Act;
(b) To submit annually to the President of the Philippines not later than March 15, a report of its activities and the status of the Fund during the preceding year, including information and recommendations for the development and improvement thereof, and to furnish each member of the Fund a Statement of His Accumulated Fund Value at least once a year;
(c) To invest not less than seventy percent (70%) of its investible fund to housing, in accordance with this Act; (As amended by R. A. No. 7742).
(d) To acquire, utilize, or dispose of, in any manner recognized by law, real or personal properties to carry out the purposes of this Act;
(e) To set up its own accounting and computer systems; to conduct continuing actuarial and statistical studies and valuations to determine the financial viability of the Fund and its project; to require reports, compilations and analysis of statistical and economic data, as well as make such other studies and surveys as may be needed for the proper administration and development of the Fund;
(f) To have the power of succession; to sue and be sued; to adopt and use a separate seal;
(g) To enter into and carry out contracts of every kind and description with any person, firm or association or corporations, domestic or foreign;
(h) To borrow funds from any source, private or government, foreign or domestic;
(i) To invest, own or otherwise participate in equity in any establishment, firm or entity; to form, organize, invest in or establish and maintain a subsidiary or subsidiaries in relation to any of its purposes;
(j) To exercise such powers and perform such acts as may be necessary, useful, incidental or auxiliary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
SEC. 11. Board of Trustees. - The powers and functions of the Fund shall be exercised by a Board of Trustees composed of the Minister of Human Settlements as Chairman, the Minister of Finance as Vice-Chairman, the Minister of the Budget, the Minister of Labor, the Minister of Industry, the Chief Executive Officer of the Fund, two representatives of private employees, two representatives of private employers, and one representative of government employees as members.
The four private sector representatives shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines for a term of two years: Provided, however, That of the first set to be appointed, one representative of the employees and one representative of the employers shall have a term of only one year. The representative of the government employees shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines for a term of two years.
The members of the Board shall receive a per diem and reasonable transportation and representation allowance at par with other government financial institutions, as may be provided for by the Board of Trustees and approved by the President of the Philippines.
Until the appointment of another person by the President of the Philippines upon the recommendation of the Board of Trustees, the President of the National Home Mortgage Finance Corporation shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the Fund.
SEC. 12. Powers of the Board. - The Board shall have the following powers:
(b) To direct operations and administration of the Fund;
(c) To authorize expenditures of the Fund in the interest of effective administration and operations; to adopt from time to time the budgets for said purposes;
(d) To approve appointments of personnel; and
(e) To exercise such other powers as may be necessary to carry into effect the powers and accomplish the purposes for which the Fund is established.
(b) Extension of Fund coverage to other working groups, and waiver or suspension of coverage or its enforcement for reasons herein stated;
(c) Grounds for and effects or termination of membership other than by completion of term;
(d) Fund earnings and their distribution, investment and/or plowing back for the exclusive benefit of the members;
(e) Interim disbursements of accumulated values to members of ameliorative and similar purposes;
(f) Housing and other loan assistance programs for members;
(g) Adjudication and settlement of claims and disputes and the procedures for the same on any matters involving the interests of members in the Fund;
(h) Optimize the effectiveness of the initial coverage drive through phased implementation based on reasonable classifications of employer and/or employee groups; and
(i) Other matters that, by express or implied provisions of this Act, shall require implementation by appropriate policies, rules and regulations.
SEC. 15. Money Investments. - All moneys of the Fund as are not needed to meet current administrative and operational requirements, shall be invested with due and prudent regard for its safety, growth and liquidity needs.
SEC. 16. Tax and Guarantee Benefits. - Notwithstanding any provisions of existing law, decree, executive or administrative order, rule or regulation to the contrary, the Fund and all its assets, collections, receivables and increments as well as all distributions therefrom, whether of contributions, ratable income of the Fund, or dividends paid or received by the members thereof, or their heirs/beneficiaries, shall be exempt from the payment of any and all forms of taxes, assessments and other charges. All such provident payments shall not be liable to attachment, garnishment, levy or seizure by or under any legal or equitable process whatsoever, either before or after receipt by the persons entitled thereto, except to pay any debt of the covered member to the Fund. In addition, the Government of the Republic of the Philippines hereby guarantees the payment of employees’ and employers’ contributions and dividends to the members when they are due.
SEC. 17. Administration Costs. - The Fund shall bear the costs of its administration and development, in such amounts and/or limits as the Board of Trustees may deem appropriate, but not exceeding two percent (2%) of the net Fund assets of the previous year. Expenses for initial operation, however, may be provided for by the National Home Mortgage Finance Corporation, either as advances subject to reimbursement, with or without interest, or as subsidy for the development of housing finance.
SEC. 18. Audit. - The Chairman of the Commission on Audit shall act as the ex-officio auditor of the Fund and, accordingly, is empowered to appoint a representative and other subordinate personnel to perform and report on such audit duties, responsible to and removable only by the Commission on Audit Chairman, without prejudice, however, to the power of the Board of Trustees to contract for another mode of independent audit service, in addition to that provided by the Commission on Audit.
SEC. 19. Existing Provident/Housing Plans. - An employer and/or employee group who, at the time this Decree becomes effective, have their own provident and/or employee-housing plans, may register with the Fund, for any of the following purposes:
(a) For annual certification of waiver or suspension from coverage or participation in the Fund, which shall be granted on the basis of verification that the waiver or suspension does not contravene any effective collective bargaining agreement and that the features of the plan or plans are superior to the Fund or continue to be so; or
(b) For integration with the Fund, either fully or partially.
The establishment of a separate provident and/or housing plan after the effectivity of this Decree shall not be a ground for waiver of coverage in the Fund; nor shall such coverage bar any employer and/or employee-group from establishing separate provident and/or housing plans.
SEC. 20. Existing Coverage. - Membership under the Fund established under Presidential Decree No. 1530, together with amounts and benefits already accrued to the members, including employers’ counterparts, as well as covering records and documents, shall be transferred, continued and/or integrated into the new Fund hereby established, subject henceforth to policies and rules adopted thereunder.
SEC. 21. Substitute Retirement Plan. - A private employer shall have the option to treat the coverage by the Fund as a retirement plan for the employee concerned, within the purview of the Revised Labor Code of the Philippines, subject, however, to any existing collective bargaining on the matter.
SEC. 22. Remittance of Contributions. - (a) It shall be the duty of every employer to set aside and remit the contributions required under this Act through the Social Security System and determined by the Board of Trustees, as may be approved by the President of the Philippines. Every employer required to set aside and remit such contributions as prescribed under this Act shall be liable for their payment, and non-payment shall further subject the employer to a penalty of three percent per month of the amounts payable from the date the contributions fall due until paid.
(b) Failure or refusal of the employer to pay or remit the contributions herein prescribed shall not prejudice the right of the covered employee to the benefits under this Act.
SEC. 23. Penal Provisions. - Refusal or failure without lawful cause or with fraudulent intent to comply with the provisions of this Decree, as well as the implementing rules and regulations adopted by the Board of Trustees, particularly with respect to registration of employees, collection and remittance of employee-savings as well as the employer counterparts, or the correct amount due, within the time set in the implementing rules and regulations or specific call or extension made by the Fund Management shall constitute an offense punishable by a fine of not less, but not more than twice, the amount involved or imprisonment of not more than six (6) years, or both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court, apart from the civil liabilities and/or obligations of the offender or delinquent. When the offender is a corporation, the penalty shall be imposed upon the members of the governing board and the President or General Manager, without prejudice to the prosecution of related offenses under the Revised Penal Code and other laws, revocation and denial of operating rights and privileges in the Philippines, and deportation when the offender is a foreigner.
SEC. 24. Visitorial and Enforcement Powers. - (a) The Fund or its duly authorized representatives may, at any time, inspect the premises, books of accounts and records of any person or entity covered by this Act; require it to submit its reports regularly; and act on violations of any provisions of this Act.
(b) Particular aspects of the Fund’s administration may be subject to supervision, visitation or verification by appropriate agencies of the government as may be designated and authorized by the President of the Philippines.
SEC. 25. Repealing Clause. - Any provisions of law, decree, executive order, rules or regulations as are in conflict or inconsistent with the provisions and/or purposes of this decree are accordingly repealed, amended or modified.
SEC. 26. Effectivity. This Decree shall take effect immediately.
Done in the City of Manila, this 14th day of December, in the year of our Lord, nineteen hundred and eighty.